Nelumbo is a genus of aquatic plants, only genre of the family Nelumbonaceae. Includes only two species, originating from America, Asia and Australia, with very decorative leaves and large flowers in white, pink, yellow and red, known by the name of lotus.
Distribution and habitats
The species Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) is native to central and southern Europe, but is also cultivated in North America since time immemorial by the natives for food consumption of seeds and rhizomes.
The Nelumbo nucifera (Gaertn.) is a rustic species from Asia and Australia, commonly known by the name of the Asian lotus flower. It is an aquatic plant growing rapidly, typical of ponds and reservoirs with stagnant water or almost no current, deep 50-50 cm and over.
Are high from 80 cm to over 1 m. The leaves of the lotus flower has a particular surface structure that makes it extremely hydrophobic, and keeps constantly clean. This property, with nanotechnology you try to play for other materials such as fabric and paint, is called lotus effect.
The flower is composed of more than 20 petals of colors ranging from dark pink to white, the smell is intoxicating.