Saturday, July 31, 2010

Delicatessen’s Stuffs

Delicatessens in many parts of the world often sell their foods by weight such as cured meats, head cheese, sausages, ham, liverwurst, salami and other cold cuts, fried chicken, spare ribs, cold salads, pickled vegetables, dips, breads and olives. These foods are sold in elegant stores in a specific deli department, or in a separate Delicatessen or Deli shop.

Large Delicatessen stores or Deli shops sell cold cuts and meats, but the luxury food division includes confectionery, fine spirits, wines, exclusive cheeses, truffled pâté, caviar, foie gras, high quality coffee beans, fruit, spices, herbs, specialty breads, exclusive sweets, cookies, honey, tea and luxury handmade chocolate.

Luxury food shops in Europe include Fauchon in Paris, Dallmayr in Munich, Germany and Harrods and Fortnum & Mason in London.


See also: Idul Fitri, Hamper Hari Raya, Hari Raya Hampers

What is Delicatessen???

Delicatessen is a term meaning "delicacies" or "fine foods". The word entered English via German, with the old German spelling (modern German: Delikatessen), plural of Delikatesse "delicacy", ultimately from Latin delicatus.

The term delicatessen has a secondary meaning in some countries, referring to stores that sell delicatessen, hence a shortened term for delicatessen store, sometimes additionally shorted to the informal term deli.

Delicatessen is a German loanword in English. Reference works state that the word delicatessen comes from the German Delicatessen, the plural form of Delicatesse. (This old spelling later changed to the spelling Delikatessen in modern German.) The word entered German from French délicatesse and means "delicious things (to eat)". It ultimately originated from the Latin adjective delicatus, meaning "giving pleasure, delightful, pleasing".

An alternative, and incorrect, popular etymology supposes that the -essen part of the word Delicatessen comes from the German verb essen (English: to eat), or the noun das Essen (English: the food). This would imply that the word is a portmanteau of the German words delikates (English: delicious; nominative case) and Essen.


See also: Lebaran, Hari Raya, Ramadan Gift

Thursday, July 29, 2010

Yule log According to the Traditions of Orthodox Christians in Bulgaria

Yule log is cut trunk of oak and elm trees or Krushevo tree, which according to the traditions of Orthodox Christians in Bulgaria should be placed in the furnace or fireplace and burn on the night of festive dinner on Christmas Eve.

Belief is that light and heat from the Yule log symbolizes not only the birth of the new Sun and Jesus Christ, but they are the cause of the festive table to visit the dead ancestors and Mother of God itself, which is called the first piece in a festive break ritual bread.

Yule log is being prepared on the eve of the feast. Cut down, carried on his shoulder, not to touch the ground and mirosva house. Mirosvaneto consists of drilling a hole, which set the wine, olive oil and incense, and then clogging and wrapped in white linen canvas.

This ritual in ignition of wood is accompanied by songs and this is integral to the holiday because it believes in its magical and healing powers. On the morning of Christmas Yule log is being extinguished with wine.

Unburnt parts of the tree crosses are made, or are built into the plow as a symbol of rural labor and fertility. Me ash is used for light or scattered in the fields of fertility. In Macedonia Badnik Christians call the festive Christmas Eve.


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Wednesday, July 28, 2010

Celebrating Eid ul-Fitr in Turkey

In Turkey, where Ramadan celebrations are infused with more national traditions, and where country-wide celebrations, are referred to as Bayram. It is customary for people to greet one another with "Bayramınız Kutlu Olsun" or "Bayramınız Mübarek Olsun" ("May Your Bayram Be Holy"). "Mutlu Bayramlar" ("Happy Bayram") is an alternative phrase for celebrating Bayram.

Referred to as both Şeker Bayramı ("Bayram of Sweets") or Ramazan Bayramı ("Ramadan Bayram"), Eid in Turkey is a public holiday, where schools and government offices are generally closed for the entire period of the celebrations.

It is a time for people to attend prayer services, put on their best clothes (referred to as "Bayramlık", often purchased just for the occasion) and to visit all their loved ones (such as friends, relatives and neighbors) and pay their respects to the deceased with organized visits to cemeteries, where large, temporary bazaars of flowers, water (for watering the plants adorning a grave), and prayer books are set up for the three-day occasion. The first day of the Bayram is generally regarded as the most important, with all members of the family waking up early, and the men going to their neighborhood mosque for the special Bayram prayer.

It is regarded as especially important to honor elderly citizens by kissing their right hand and placing it on one's forehead while wishing them Bayram greetings. It is also customary for young children to go around their neighborhood, door to door, and wish everyone a happy Bayram, for which they are awarded candy, chocolates, traditional sweets such as Baklava and Turkish Delight, or a small amount of money at every door, in an almost Halloween-like fashion.

Municipalities all around the country organize fundraising events for the poor, in addition to public shows such as concerts or more traditional forms of entertainment such as the Karagöz and Hacivat shadow-theatre and even performances by the Mehter - the Janissary Band that was founded during the days of the Ottoman Empire.

Helping the less fortunate, ending past animosities and making up, organizing breakfasts and dinners for loved ones and putting together neighborhood celebrations are all part of the occasion, where homes and streets are decorated and lit up for the celebrations, and television and radio channels continuously broadcast a variety of special Bayram programs, which include movie specials, musical programming and celebratory addresses from celebrities and politicians alike.


See also: Idul Fitri, Hamper Hari Raya, Hari Raya Hampers

“Takbir” Definition and Grammar

The Takbīr or Tekbir (تَكْبِير) is the Arabic name for the phrase Allāhu Akbar (الله أكبر). Usually translated "God is [the] Greatest," or "God is Great", it is a common Islamic Arabic expression, used as both an informal expression of faith and as a formal declaration.

The form Allāhu is the nominative of Allah "[the one] God".

The form akbar is the elative of the adjective kabīr "great". As used in the takbir it indicates the superlative (best), usually translated as "greatest". The term takbīr (تَكْبِير) itself is the stem II verbal noun (tafʿīlun) of the triliteral root k-b-r "great."

In the English version of Ibn Qayyim's book "The Way to Patience and Gratitude", it is stated in the footnotes that "Allahu Akbar" translates into "Allah is Greater". In the Second Edition on page 463, it quotes:

"...I preferred using 'the Greater' to the 'the Greatest', as it is commonly used. Allahu Akbar literally means, "Allah is Greater" with the comparative mode. Yet, this does not mean that He (Glory be to Him) is not the Greatest, nor does it mean that there is anything that is put in comparison with Him. This is because when the Muslim says it, he means He is "Greater" than anything else, which, consequently, means He is the Greatest. This use gives more influence. This may be why it is used in Arabic this way, otherwise it should have been used as "Allahu al-Akbar", in the superlative mode. Surely, Allah Knows best. (Translator)..."


See also: Lebaran, Hari Raya, Ramadan Gift

Tuesday, July 27, 2010

Loneleness = Feeling of Solitude

Loneliness is the feeling of solitude, of isolation from "the others". Researchers describe loneliness as perceived difference between desired and existing contacts. On this definition of the Young Gierveld, most research on the prevalence of loneliness based.

There is a distinction between social and emotional loneliness (Weiss) and between situational and lasting loneliness (Stevens). It is good to realize that loneliness is something other than social isolation. Loneliness is a feeling, social isolation, a situation. That is, there is substantial difference between being alone, and feel alone.

Most people who call it loneliness describe a feeling of sadness, of emptiness. Many people who have experienced the loneliness suffered by the first time they were separated from their parents or guardians.

The feeling of powerlessness that occurred while still linked to the feeling of loneliness. That means that loneliness is persistent: people feel (wrongly) their situation and unable to change their emotions.

It may mean that someone living in such a way that those feelings are avoided, by avoiding contact with others. Contact is very threatening, and this should therefore not be sought solution for loneliness.

The function of loneliness

Feelings of loneliness, like pain, a signal that something is wrong. When loneliness is about the experience of being alone, a dangerous situation for a man. It is a signal to look for 'the others', to less alone in life. 'The others' are those in whom they could feel at home, by whom one feels accepted and appreciated.

Every person learns in early childhood experience what is solitude. If that experience does not go well, for example by a disturbance in childhood, a lifelong search for the avoidance of loneliness as a result. Any disruption of established patterns in living conditions can lead to difficult to handle feelings of loneliness.


Disturbances in the pattern of life are often the occasion to experience loneliness. Circumstances such as having to get used to a new job, ending a relationship, getting a child, moving from family or friends, or death of relatives, but even small disruptions can cause feelings of loneliness.

Also disruption of lifestyle at a young age, such as hospitalization and inadequate or absent parents, hear this. Whoever fails again after a disturbance at a satisfactory lifestyle can build persistent feelings of loneliness love. If that feeling at a young age can occur, not always right, thinking that being alone is an integral part of one's personality.


Those who suffer from loneliness does certainly not isolated. Loneliness is a feeling, no situation. Alone does not mean that you feel lonely. But the phenomenon that people are alone and feeling alone, takes in the western individualized society does matter.

It occurs among people of all ages. In the Netherlands would be 4 to 22% of the elderly regularly or often suffer from loneliness (1997). 2004 study indicates that roughly one in four Dutch own (sometimes) called lonely. Striking is the relatively high scores in the age of thirty-to forty-five year olds.

Many factors such as physical health, social skills and competencies, living conditions, living environment, life events, personality factors and social network influence feelings of loneliness. This is directly related to the content of relationships one has and which one would wish. If it does not balance, loneliness can occur.

Prolonged loneliness is unhealthy. Shown that people who suffer from loneliness have an immunocompromised. Loneliness is associated with several diseases, the most striking depression.

Dealing with loneliness

Especially because many people feel themselves to be powerless, it is sometimes difficult to do something about loneliness. Recognize that the problem exists for the individual needed for successful influence. A next step to greater participation in society is to participate in certain activities.

It is not that always take part in social activities can offer the solution to loneliness. In this context, the need to distinguish between social isolation (a situation) and loneliness (a basic sense). From a social isolation can come into contact with others. Tackling loneliness always requires individual approach. Sometimes just making contact with others not identified.

Helpers sometimes try by making house calls and filling out questionnaires to find out how loneliness arose and what can be done as a solution. These questionnaires are used by other people from home care.


See Also: idul fitri, hamper hari raya, hari raya hampers

A Feeling of Sadness

Sadness or grief is a human feeling which expresses dismay or frustration toward someone or something. It is the opposite of joy. Grief can cause physical reactions such as major depression, crying, insomnia, poor appetite, and, emotional reactions, such as regret.

Sadness may be originated from the loss of something or someone that had a lot of value, that emotion can be increased if the sufferer of sadness comes to believe he could have done something to recover or avoid loss, even if that something to be practically impossible to achieve, regardless of the will of sad.

It is common sorrow be described as something bitter, or like a pain, or as a feeling of inability, or as something dark (darkness).

Sadness may be the consequence of emotions such as selfishness, insecurity, low self-esteem, jealousy and disappointment. They are emotions that, if not treated immediately, may end generating sadness, or in extreme cases the nervous depression.

Not only psychological symptoms are the result of sorrow. In cases of prolonged distress the individual can spend the symptoms of hypertension, skin problems and the fall and premature graying of hair.

Also, the heart can be physically compromised and may lead the victim to severe: arrhythmia, heart attack, among other problems. Grief can come from outside to inside, and when it is generated by elements that surround the individual, or from the inside out, when simply arises from a mismatch of the individual in half.


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The Mass of the Lord’s Supper

The Mass of the Lord's Supper is the Catholic Mass celebrated on the evening of Holy Thursday. It inaugurates the Easter Triduum, and commemorates the Last Supper of Jesus with his disciples, more explicitly than other celebrations of the Mass.

The Mass stresses three aspects of that event: "the institution of the Eucharist, the institution of the priesthood, and the commandment of brotherly love that Jesus gave after washing the feet of his disciples."

The celebration of a Mass in the evening of Holy Thursday began in late fourth-century Jerusalem, where it became customary to celebrate the events of the Passion of Jesus in the places where they took place. In Rome at that time a Mass was celebrated at which penitents were reconciled with a view to participation in the Easter celebrations. The Jerusalem custom spread and in seventh-century Rome the Pope celebrated a Mass of the Lord's Supper on this day as well as the Mass of Reconciliation. By the eighth century, the Masses became three: one for reconciliation, one for blessing the holy oils and a third for the Last Supper. The last two were in reduced form, being without Liturgy of the Word. Pope Pius V's reforms in 1570 forbade the celebration of Mass after noon, and the Mass of the Lord's Supper became a morning Mass and remained so until Pope Pius XII's reforms in the 1950s.

The washing of feet that is now part of the Mass of the Lord's Supper was in use at an early stage without relation to this particular day, and was first prescribed for use on Holy Thursday by a 694 Council of Toledo. By the twelfth century it was found in the Roman liturgy as a separate service. Pope Pius V included this rite in his Roman Missal, placing it after the text of the Mass of the Lord's Supper. He did not make it part of the Mass, but indicated that it was to take place "at a suitable hour" after the stripping of the altars. The 1955 revision by Pope Pius XII inserted the rite into the Mass.


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The Catholic Church Liturgical Year

The Catholic Church sets aside certain days and seasons of each year to recall and celebrate various events in the life of Christ. In its Roman Rite the liturgical year begins with Advent, the time of preparation for both the celebration of Jesus' birth, and his expected second coming at the end of time. This season lasts until 24 December (Christmas Eve). Christmastide follows, beginning with First Vespers of Christmas on the evening of 24 December and ending with the feast of the Baptism of Jesus. Lent is the period of purification and penance which begins on Ash Wednesday and ends on Holy Thursday. The Holy Thursday evening Mass of the Lord's Supper marks the beginning of the Easter Triduum, which includes Good Friday, Holy Saturday, and Easter Sunday. These days recall Jesus' Last Supper with his disciples, death on the cross, burial, and resurrection. The seven-week liturgical season of Easter immediately follows the Triduum, climaxing at Pentecost. This last feast recalls the descent of the Holy Spirit upon Jesus' disciples after the Ascension of Jesus. The rest of the liturgical year is commonly known as Ordinary Time.

There are many forms of liturgy in the Catholic Church. Even putting aside the many Eastern rites in use, the Latin liturgical rites alone include the Ambrosian Rite, the Mozarabic Rite, and the Cistercian Rite, as well as other forms that have been largely abandoned in favour of adopting the Roman Rite. Of this rite, what is now the "ordinary" or, to use a word employed in the Letter of Pope Benedict XVI accompanying the motu proprio Summorum Pontificum, the "normal" form is that which developed from the Second Vatican Council to the present day, while the form in force in 1962 is authorized as an extraordinary form of the Roman Rite without restriction in private celebrations and under certain conditions in public celebrations. The liturgical calendar in that form of the Roman Rite (see General Roman Calendar of 1962) differs in some respects from that of the present ordinary form, as will be noted below, and also from the earlier General Roman Calendar of Pope Pius XII, the still earlier General Roman Calendar of 1954 and the original Tridentine Calendar. These articles can be consulted with regard to the Roman-Rite liturgical year before 1962.


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Monday, July 26, 2010

Emotion of Passion

Passion (from the Latin verb, patior, which means to suffer or endure a difficult situation) is an extension of emotion almost pathological. The passion involved lose their individuality in relation to the fascination that the other has on him. It is typically a painful feeling and abnormal, because as a rule, the individual loses his individuality, his identity and his power of reasoning.

Differences between love and passion

You can also say that passion is something that is not linked to things a lot more passengers than love, because, being a pathology of this, with the passage of time and being broken the veil of idealization of the other, falls into the reality Transforming the passion of love, or nothing left feeling emotional. Studies of the psychology of feelings indicate that the state of passion very rarely exceeds three years.

The feeling exacerbated between two people, is an example of a passion. Passion can overcome social barriers, differences in training, ages and genders. The passion completely matched cause great happiness and satisfaction in love, however any trouble this fullness content page can bring great sadness because love can only see happy to get the object of his passion.

The passion is a disease of love, a superlative fantasy reality over the the other, given that the individual merges into another in love, or lose his individuality, which is rescued only when in the presence of the other. Over time, this merger will intensity fading, given that passion is a mythical idealization of the other.

When love begins to realize that this idealization, with the passage of time, was wrong, because the other did not behave within the profile of the passionate mythically idealized expectations, is generated intense frustration, which is now with intense irritability experienced by so passionate.

Thus, the love will realize the mistake he has committed, by the recurrence of the frustrations when dealing with their unrealistic expectations on the other, the object of passion and the process then begins to regress, to reverse, with the gradual return and strengthen the identity of former love, which is now seeing the other as he really is, which typically can even generate a feeling of extreme revulsion reverse, the hardships they endured.

There are scientific researches in this field, showing that passion, in spite of intense and compelling, is a fleeting feeling. It is estimated that it will not last for more than four years. Adolescents are more likely to fall in love, due to poor knowledge of the world among other things, that does not mean that older people are not capable of such feeling.

What happens is that the adult, to have greater knowledge of the world, having experienced the greatest experiences, will not be as likely to lose reason and becoming overwhelmed by the weight of feeling.


* Passion is a feeling of wishing, wanting, at all costs "the love of another being or object." Need to see and touch the person or object by which he fell in love, or even know that his lover also likes him and is thinking it.

Modo.pode this be a viewed as a "vice" that undermines the individual's mind because it focuses only lover or art object in his thoughts with all other momentary and irrelevant.

* The passion can be a viewed as a "sedative" that raises a pleasure admiring the details of a loved one


Are varied literary texts that address. Among them stand out The Sorrows of Young Werther, Goethe's Werther in which the protagonist, seeing lost all hopes of obtaining Charlotte, kissing passionately weapons that had touched his beloved, and with them, ends with his life .

The romance of 1776 triggered a series of suicides in Germany, among young people, it was said, inspired by the character due to the weight of feeling unrequited. Another work in which passion is addressed is Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare, where the two youngsters fall in love against allowed by their families and unable to cope. Failing to give up that relationship, the result is a failed escape attempt and the ensuing double suicide.

Biological basis

According to recent studies Donatella Marazziti (2007, Nature Book of Love), the passion is characterized, from a biological standpoint, for a continuous release of certain neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine. The amygdala plays a central role in this process because it is this region that emanates from some of the most instinctive feelings.

This storm biochemistry is related to a lower rate of serotonin than in a normal population, similar to the level of neurotramissor in patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, which explains the obsessive thoughts of the person to whom you're in love. These biochemical levels explain why people tend to lose their reason while in a state of falling in love.

This mechanism is similar to some drugs, like cocaine, being necessary to the perpetuation of the species, by the attraction. In addition to these neurotransmitters mentioned, there is the participation of other substances such as oxytocin and vasopressin, which are related to love and feelings of safety and calm of this feeling derived.

Religious Perspective


According to the Compendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the passions are "engaged the emotions and the movement of sensibility - natural components of human psychology - which tend to act or not act in view of what is perceived as good or as bad. The key is love and hate, desire and fear, joy, sadness and anger. The fundamental passion is love, caused by the attraction of good. " (No. 370).

Also according to Catholic doctrine, "the passions are neither good nor bad in themselves: they are good when they contribute to a good action, they are bad, otherwise." Soon, they can be assumed, guided and ordered by the virtues or perverted and bewildered by the vices (paragraph 371).


See Also: idul fitri, hamper hari raya, hari raya hampers