Public Holidays - certain kalendarzowo days off to work by employees, which can be devoted to rest or settle personal matters. Aggregation of one day or more days off from work Saturdays and Sundays usually make these days long weekend.
Days off may be free by law, ie on the basis of generally applicable laws or collective agreements, or may result from the employer approved the distribution of working time (eg Saturday). In addition, an employer may establish additional working days, unless the behavior standards working hours odpracują free in another day.
Other days of absence (holidays, illness or other justifiable failure to appear at work as well as the absence of fault by the employee) - are free from work only to a particular person.
Exemption from work
Under the laws governing the relationship of the Republic of the Polish Reformed Church and of the Lutheran Church (since 1994), the Evangelical-Methodist and Baptist Church (since 1995) and the Pentecostal Church ( since 1997) - members of these churches have the right to an exemption from school or work on Good Friday (Memorial of the Lord of Death) and Ascension Day (Ascension of the Lord Jesus.)
For Lutherans, the exemption also applies to the Reformation Day (October 31), in the case of Pentecostals also includes the second day of Pentecost, ie the second day of Pentecost, whose first day is a holiday for all Polish citizens.
For the Catholic Church Mariavites Mariavites exemption from work granted on August 2 to commemorate the revelation of the Great Works of Mercy, and August 23 the Feast of the Precious Blood of Jesus and the sacrifice Mateczki.
Non-working days per week
Until 1972, in force in Poland, a 6-day working week, in which each working day was Saturday, and Sunday was free from the power of the above work. Act of 1951 As a result of statutory changes in 1972-1974 and 1981, for employees introduced free Saturdays, which przypadały once or several times a month.
Since 2001, in force 40 hours (ie 5-day) work week, at which the employer must designate a working day (except Sunday), which is usually Saturday.
Additional days off work
In Poland, the employer has the right to establish additional holidays for their employees at any time, unless bound by rigid standards of their time (eg in offices). But it must retain the principle of equal treatment in employment to all employees and thus can not discriminate against them. The establishment of additional day off from work associated with the need to maintain standards of working time, ie a day off to work off.
In addition, there might be a situation in which day public holiday falls on a day off work in accordance with the current employer in the distribution of working time, for example, on Saturday.
In accordance with the provisions of the Labour Code in force since 30 November 2006, each holiday occurring in the accounting period, and made for the day other than Sunday, reduces the dimension of the working time of 8 hours.
It follows that to grant the employee an additional day off from work to preserve the existing staff working hours, although this may be one day common to all employees or different days, so that only przypadały in the adopted period. If the holiday falls on Sunday, does not reduce working hours and not be granted for no additional day off.
For example, August 15, 2009 as Assumption Day (public holiday work) accounted for on a Saturday, if a given employer in accordance with the distribution of working time Saturday is a day off, it is the end of the billing period the employer must grant an extra day off from work.
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