Wednesday, July 14, 2010

The Several Explanations About Muharram

Muharram Arab محرم, Muharram is the first month of Islamic calendar. It is one of the four sacred months of the year. His name is connected with the word Haram means "forbidden for religious reasons; taboo" (same root word is found in the harem), and in fact this month was considered taboo to war, and often withdrew to fight for respect for Islam. Since the Islamic calendar is strictly lunar, the month of Muharram has a fixed position with respect to the Gregorian calendar.

The first day of Muharram is the Islamic New Year. The festival of Muharram is particularly strong in the Shia world, which commemorates the battle of Karbala, during which he fell the son of Ali, Husayn ibn Ali. The commemoration reaches its climax on the 10th of the month, day of cashura.

The festivities cashura is celebrated in different parts of the Sunni world, notably in North Africa, where he also has a connotation clearly joyful, more connected with the festivities beginning of the year with mourning for the grandson of the Prophet.

There are several explanations that are provided for this religious celebration outside the Shiite world. According to some, this festival celebrated the passage of the Red Sea by Moses fled from Pharaoh. For others, the tenth day of Muharram was only created Adam and Eve, heaven and hell, life and death, fate, and the pen (the "quill").

Among the Shiites is strictly fasting for the first ten days of Muharram, and often the Sunnis celebrate cashura with a fast, although in this case it is a fast "voluntary and not mandatory as during Ramadan.

According to some interpretations, the celebration of Islamic New Year with feasts, exchanges of gifts etc.. Is considered bid'a ("unorthodox innovation") or even haram (forbidden).


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