The day of the dead (Spanish: Día de los Muertos) is a Mexican celebration and commemoration. It takes place every year in January and November 2, All Saints and All Souls so on. To a lesser extent also in the rest of Latin America, the United States and the Philippines celebrated.
The Day of the Dead comes to outsiders often strange and sinister about it. The Day of the Dead is stated on the list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO
Visiting a cemetery
It is believed that the souls of children on November 1 to return to earth, and that of adults on November 2. Throughout the years it prepares itself for the festival, people gather goods we will sacrifice to the dead.
In the period around the day of the dead makes it clean graves of loved ones and decorate them. Some wealthier families build altars in their homes also. People visiting the graves of loved ones and offer a food and drink.
Afterwards they often eat and drink yourself, because it is believed that the souls of the dead's soul food to have taken. It is therefore assumed that the food has no nutritional value longer.
Some Calaveras write short poems in which the spot is driven with epitaphs of friends. Some newspapers publish Calavera of celebrities, with caricatures of skeletons. Skulls are a common symbol on this day.
The Day of the Dead has its roots in the traditions of the Mesoamerican indigenous peoples. For others among the Aztecs, Maya and Purepecha was customary for the parents and will honor the dead (see ancestor worship). They preserved skulls and found to exhibit them during rituals to symbolize death and rebirth.
This day was celebrated in the ninth month of the Aztec calendar, in early August and lasted the rest of the month. The festivities were dedicated to the goddess Mictecacihuatl, the lady of the dead. "
After the arrival of the Spaniards was the celebration of All Saints and All Souls days to move and it was assimilated by Christianity.
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