The genre known as Bougainvillea common bougainvillea (preferred by the Pan-Hispanic Dictionary of doubt), bougainvillea (Spain), bougainvillea (Mexico), Napoleon (Honduras), bougainvillea (Colombia, Costa Rica and Panama), Trinity (Colombia, Cuba , Panama, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic and Venezuela) and Santa Rita (Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay) is a genus of plants native to South America. Its name comes from Louis Antoine de Bougainville, a French soldier who discovered the plant in Brazil in 1768.
This plant can withstand all climates, especially hot and dry. Produce any range of colors in their flowers, which in fact are not, but modified leaves. The true flower is white and tiny, surrounded by these modified leaves called "bracts." The trunk and branches have thorns. In tropical areas of South America, blooms all year, and most of the year in countries with station species with yellow flowers, white, and pink are more delicate, and prefer sites protected from wind and coastal climates where winter is smooth. The magenta and red colors are acclimatized in a better way, provided they are placed in the sun, sheltered from the wind and cold.
As a climbing shrub, this plant is excellent for covering walls, pergolas or a shrub in the garden. It can be grown as bonsai.
It is grown from cuttings, which can be placed in a bowl with a mixture of sand and peat, with warm temperature, rooting quickly.
In tropical countries can be planted at any time of year and has healing properties. It was found that the pigments of this plant can be used to create natural dyes because of their staining properties and the very diverse set of colors which are attractive features in the garment industry and also various home applications.
It is the traditional flower of the city of Tacna, located south of Peru.
Source : http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bougainvillea