The maze can be counted by Dieter Hennebo the archetypal design elements of garden design. Usually it is a concept of the "Garden in the Garden": The maze is on a large garden. As a separate item, there are amusement parks without him in horticultural claim.
The easiest way to distinguish the hedge mazes by their shapes into three broad groups. These are: 1 Geometric or formal mazes, 2 Mazes with an irregular network of trails, 3 Symbolic mazes with a super character in character. The most common and best known are the formal systems. They are usually formed of clipped hedges, have square, rectangular or round shape and have a network of linear or (sub) circular paths, hedges and paths always have constant width. The irregular shapes are characterized by arbitrary curves in curves and guided routes, also can vary the path width and the system be broken up by small squares. The symbolic mazes represent in their totality oversized, stylized images: these occur only in the second half of the 20th Century, in a time where the view from above by aircraft has become commonplace.
A special form of formal maze, the labyrinth vertebrae, which was invented by Antoine-Joseph d'Dézallier Argenville. It is characterized by the opposite task: The road from the entrance leads quickly to a central place that lead away from the vortex usually eight arms in curves to guide the visitor into error and will be leaving the plant to the waiting game can be.
Among the symbolic systems, there is a group of mazes which a literary or historical topic are dedicated. These creations are made of discrete rear floor plans combined to form the recognizable individual figures, which relate to each other in substance. These systems usually have a regular external shape, such as a rectangle or an octagon.
Source : http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irrgarten