Yellow bedstraw bedstraw or real (Galium verum) is a perennial in the sterbladigenfamilie (Rubiaceae). The species is native to Eurasia. It is an upright or ground cover plant 15-100 cm tall and occurs in meadows, hedgerows, dunes, on roadsides, riverbanks and on dry sandy soils.
Because the four ribs have rounded stems, they look like square. The plant is parasitized by lying mountain flax. Yellow bedstraw is a medicinal herb, which is also used to color cheese.
The flower is golden yellow or lemon yellow and has a size of 2-4 mm. The corolla have a fine cutting point and converted one rolled edge. The bottom of the flower is hairy. The flowers have a honey-like odor. Inflorescence a panicle. The flowers are bijschermen together a sort of plume shapes. These bloom from June until autumn.
Yellow bedstraw carries a two-part split fruit is hairless and 1-1.5 mm long. The ripeness of the fruit is checking on the basis of color: as soon as it is black, the fruit is ripe.
Are forming whorls of eight to twelve leaves. These are linear and have a length of 0.6 to 1.2 cm. The leaf margins are omgerold. The top is dark green and shiny, the underside is paler.
The plant contains rennet, the cheese that can be used. With the dye from the flowers is Chester Cheese yellowish-orange, which also gives special flavor to this cheese. In Scotland, the plant is used as dye. The root is a red and a yellow flower color won. Also, the plant for medicinal purposes.
The caterpillar of Small sunset (Deilephila porcellus), the plant as a host. The half para siete walstrobremraap plant can prevent yellow bedstraw.